libvirt LXC management daemon

Manual section


Manual group

Virtualization Support


virtlxcd [OPTION]...


The virtlxcd program is a server side daemon component of the libvirt virtualization management system.

It is one of a collection of modular daemons that replace functionality previously provided by the monolithic libvirtd daemon.

This daemon runs on virtualization hosts to provide management for LXC containers.

The virtlxcd daemon only listens for requests on a local Unix domain socket. Remote off-host access and backwards compatibility with legacy clients expecting libvirtd is provided by the virtproxy daemon.

Restarting virtlxcd does not interrupt running guests. Guests continue to operate and changes in their state will generally be picked up automatically during startup. None the less it is recommended to avoid restarting with running guests whenever practical.


The virtlxcd daemon is capable of starting in two modes.

In the traditional mode, it will create and listen on UNIX sockets itself.

In socket activation mode, it will rely on systemd to create and listen on the UNIX sockets and pass them as pre-opened file descriptors. In this mode most of the socket related config options in /etc/libvirt/virtlxcd.conf will no longer have any effect.

Socket activation mode is generally the default when running on a host OS that uses systemd. To revert to the traditional mode, all the socket unit files must be masked:

$ systemctl mask virtlxcd.socket virtlxcd-ro.socket \


-h, --help

Display command line help usage then exit.

-d, --daemon

Run as a daemon & write PID file.

-f, --config *FILE*

Use this configuration file, overriding the default value.

-p, --pid-file *FILE*

Use this name for the PID file, overriding the default value.

-t, --timeout *SECONDS*

Exit after timeout period (in seconds), provided there are neither any client connections nor any running domains.

-v, --verbose

Enable output of verbose messages.


Display version information then exit.


On receipt of SIGHUP virtlxcd will reload its configuration.


The virtlxcd program must be ran as root. Trying to start the program under a different user results in error.

  • /builds/libvirt/libvirt/vroot/etc/libvirt/virtlxcd.conf

The default configuration file used by virtlxcd, unless overridden on the command line using the -f | --config option.

In addition to the default configuration file, virtlxcd reads configuration for the LXC driver from:

  • /builds/libvirt/libvirt/vroot/etc/libvirt/lxc.conf

This file contains various knobs and default values for virtual machines created within LXC driver, and offers a way to override the built in defaults, Location of this file can't be overridden by any command line switch.

  • /builds/libvirt/libvirt/vroot/var/run/libvirt/virtlxcd-sock

  • /builds/libvirt/libvirt/vroot/var/run/libvirt/virtlxcd-sock-ro

  • /builds/libvirt/libvirt/vroot/var/run/libvirt/virtlxcd-admin-sock

The sockets virtlxcd will use.

The TLS Server private key virtlxcd will use.

  • /builds/libvirt/libvirt/vroot/var/run/

The PID file to use, unless overridden by the -p | --pid-file option.


To retrieve the version of virtlxcd:

# virtlxcd --version
virtlxcd (libvirt) 7.9.0

To start virtlxcd, instructing it to daemonize and create a PID file:

# virtlxcd -d
# ls -la /builds/libvirt/libvirt/vroot/var/run/
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 6 Jul  9 02:40 /builds/libvirt/libvirt/vroot/var/run/


Please report all bugs you discover. This should be done via either:

  1. the mailing list

  2. the bug tracker

Alternatively, you may report bugs to your software distributor / vendor.


Please refer to the AUTHORS file distributed with libvirt.


virtlxcd is distributed under the terms of the GNU LGPL v2.1+. This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE